Cervical cancer, also known as cervix cancer, initiates on the edge of your cervix. It takes place when a cell on the cervix starts changing into pre-cancerous tumors. Although not all pre-cancerous cells progress to cancer, identifying these cells and classifying them before they become cancerous is essential for avoiding cervical cancer. Cervical cancer treatment can take a few minutes, five days, or five to six weeks.
What is Cervix?
Cervix is the bottom of your uterine wall (where a baby grows). It resembles an oval-like donut and attaches the uterus to the entrance of your vagina. It is covered in cell-based tissues. These tissues are what can develop into pre-cancer cells.
What is the prevalence of cervical cancer?
Each year, approximately 15,000 individuals get cervical cancer treatment. Cervical cancer is most commonly diagnosed in individuals between the ages of 30 to 44. The typical diagnosis age is around 50. Every year, nearly 5000 people are killed by cervical cancer. This rate is decreasing as a result of screening tests and the H.P.V vaccine.
How will cervical cancer identify and its Treatments?
- Cervical cancer occurs slowly and over a long period. The microbes in your cervix change before they become cancerous. Cells in your cervix that were once normal start to look irregular or abnormal. These cells may disappear, remain unchanged, or develop into cancer cells.
- Most instances of cervical cancer can be detected through regular gynecological screening tests with a Pap test. A Pap test, also known as a Pap smear, is a test that gathers cells from the cervix. Such cells are analyzed for precancers or other abnormalities.
- If your Pap test results are abnormal, additional testing is required. This can entail a Human papillomavirus test, it is a single test that looks for HPV infection in the cell lines of your cervix. Specific kinds of HPV illnesses have been linked to cervical cancer.
- If your healthcare provider suspects you have cancer, they may investigate your cervix and take a tissue sample for a biopsy. Many techniques, such as biopsy or punch endocervical curettage, are available to obtain the tissue. In other instances, a tube containing or conization is used to collect cervix tissues for biopsy.
If the biopsy verifies cancer, additional tests will be performed to evaluate whether the disorder has spread (metastasized). These tests may include the following:
- Studies on liver and kidney function.
- Urine and blood tests
- X-rays of bladders, bowels, rectums, and abdomen.
Cervical cancer is frequently linked to known underlying diseases. And is known to kill nearly 5000 people per year. That is why you should get a health checkup as promptly as possible.